Early date of Mark’s Gospel: what Dead Sea Scrolls say?

One year ago, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem signaled the discovery of 12th Qumran cave, that would host the fame texts of Dead Sea, including the oldest manuscripts of the Bible. Among them also the fragment called 7Q5, what could be connected to Mark's Gospel.

The Qumran caves are considered the greates archaelogical discovery of 20° century, they emerged by chance in 1947 from a cave about a mile from the Dead sea's west coast. The going assumption is that they were hidden from Essenes community.

The discovery is even more fascinating if one consider the famous fragment of papyrus called 7Q5, which is the 5th manuscript found in 7th Qumran cave. About it has been unleashed a international debate between papyrologists and Bible scholars, when in in 1972 the leading scholar José O’ Callaghan has identified the text on 7Q5 as a piece of Mark's Gospel: 6:52-53, to be exact. The definitive draft of this Gospel is commonly dated at 70 A.D., however if O'Callaghan's right should be backdate this at around 50 A.D. (about 20 years after Jesus's death), because all the archaelogical research exclude that the Qumran site was inhabited or used after 68 A.D.

In the '90s, two italian catholic weekly...

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9600 Jews were protected at the Vatican

In 1943/44 thousands of Jews found protection thanks to the systematic committment of the Vatican. Until now the exact number was not known to all, but recently Johan Ickxdirector of the Historical Archive of the Vatican Secretariat of State, has revealed it precisely. 

Almost 5,000 Jews were hosted and hidden in Catholic monastries, 3,000 found refuge in the Papal residence of Castel Gandolfo, 1,460 in Catholic houses, 60 in extraterritorial Italian buildings and 40 directly at the Vatican. These figures emerged from the Vatican archives' documents, explained Prof. Ickx in a recent conference called Refugee Policies from 1933 until Today: Challenges and Responsibilities".

The Vatican's was a silent action; also Pope Francis talked about it«Everything was pulled out on poor Pius XII. But we must remember that first he is seen as the great defender of Jews. He hid many in convents in Rome and in other Italian cities, as well as in the summer residence of Castel Gandolfo. There, in the Pope’s house, in his bedroom 42 children were born, the children"...

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Communism killed 20 million Christians: a real atheist inquisition!

According to a study by Russian mathematician Nikolay Yemelyanov, Professor at St. Tichon's Orthodox University, during the seven years of Leninist rule – from Russian Revolution in 1917 to Lenin's death in 1924 –, almost 25,000 Orthodox priests were imprisoned and 16,000 were killed, for their Christian faith.

The same happened to Catholic priests. The secular English writer Martin Louis Amis has collected some significant sentences by dictator Vladimir Lenin: «any religious idea, any idea of God is an indescribable abjection of the most dangerous kind, a plague of the most abominable. There are a million sins, disgusting facts, acts of violence, and physical contagions which are much less dangerous than the subtle and spiritual idea of God» (quoted in M. Amis, Koba il terribile, Einaudi 2003).

After the Russian Revolution, Bolsheviks seized the power in the Sovietic Union (23-27 February 1917; Lenin took the power on October of the same year). The extermination of believers also continued after Lenin's death: Todd M. Johnson, Professor of Global Christianity and Director of the Center for the Study of Global Christianity at the Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, explained that the...

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Abortion doctor admits: «I have chosen this job to give birth, not to kill children»

Every time that an interview with a abortion gynecologyst appears, it is a shocking testimony. «I procure 400 abortions a year, I'm the last gynecologist not to be a conscientious objector in the region of Molise. But I have chosen this job to give birth to children, not to kill them».

This is the sad reflection by Dr. Michele Mariano, gynecologist at the "Antonio Cardarelli" hospital in Campobasso (Molise, Italy). He is an atheist, but – he said: «I'm a doctor and I know science». What does science say? «Let us not be afraid of the truth. That fetus could become a child, how can we deny it?». In truth, that fetus is already a child. «I don't want backstreet abortion to return and women to die at the hands of who knows what butcher, but that doesn't mean that I'm happy when I suppress a life». The backstreet abortion is an old and fake boogeyman, but we don't want to make a fuss about it. His honesty in being conscious of suppressing a life suffices to us.

It is the same dramatic awareness of abortionist gynecologist Massimo Segato, vice chief of Gynecology at the Valdagno Hospital (Vicenza, Italy), about whom ...

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«If science exists, this means that there’s a Logic», famous physicist said

The recent reflection of famous italian physicist Antonino Zichichi is very interesting. For a long time, the exponents of the anticlerical world have questioned his scientific authority because he often affirmed to believe in God thanks to science.

However, still today Zichichi appears to have a H-index (index of impact on the scientific world) equal to 62, like Stephen Hawking (62), and much superior, for example, to Carlo Rovelli (52) and to Nobel Prize Sheldon Lee Glashow (52).

«The scientific discoveries are the proof that we are not the result of chaos, but of a strict logic. If there is a Logic, there must be an Author», wrote Zichichi, Professor Emeritus of Physics at the University of Bologna, ex President of the National Institute for Nuclear Physics (1977-1982) and of the European Physical Society (1978), and Enrico Fermi Prize winner for his discovery of the first example of nuclear antimatter.

The scientist also denied that science can explain or reproduce the miracles, which would be equivalent to «deluding oneself into thinking of being able to discover the scientific existence of God». This is impossible because, «if it were science to find him out, God could be made only of science and nothing more. If it were the mathematics to elaborate the "God theorem",...

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Crusades saved Europe from Islamic invasion

crociati 

Francesco Agnoli* *essayist and writer La Verità, 28/03/17

 

One of the big lie against Catholic Church concerts to Crusades. We look at what preceded: after birth of Islam (VII century A.D.), the area inhabitated by christian like Coast to Afric, Spain, Sicily and many town of Roman Empire in the Est, were attacked, looted and devastated by muslim, which wherever killed and enslaved. Any historic book describe speed of Mohammed and his heirs on estabilish themselves in Christians lands.

The Mediterranean was fully to Saracens pirates and it became impraticable, to the point where the historian Henri Pirenne assest that just with islamic expansion begins the Middle Age, because it was most traumatic compared to Barbarians invasions. «Christian can't sail even with a raft», writed arab historian ibn Khaldun. Between 16th-century and 17th-century, Sicily was constantly ransaked. In 846 A.D. there was the first sacks of Rome: 3000 warriors raided the city and St. Peter and St. Paul church. Also many cities of the sea were regularly raided.

Famous rebirth of first Millenium there would never be if Maritime republics had not, firstly, regained the Mediterranean, cleaning to pirate and available it to trade and navigation. The historic study of Rinaldo Pennetta, called "Pirati e corsari turchi e barbareschi"... Read more...

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“We’ll protect our values”: wasn’t relativism the dogma of the laical society?

attentato parigi

We’ll protect our values”. That’s Obama’s, Hollande’s and Cameron’s way. The Italian Prime Minister Renzi stated that we’ll certainly win, since these are the correct and good values. But, dear Presidents, what values?

Since I was five and started to go to school I’ve been told that absolute values do not exist, that values are perspectives, and the worst you could do is to consider writing the word Truth with the capital T, and that you must cultivate doubts ...

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Herod’s palace discovered and new historical proofs about King David

Palazzo erodeA couple of days ago The Washington Post reproposed the thesis already expounded in the book The Final Days of Jesus of 2010 by Prof. Shimon Gibson, archaeologist at the University of Carolina in Charlotte: it looks like Herod’s palace has been found in the Old City of Jerusalem, where Pontius Pilate judged Jesus.

It is probable the praetorium has been found, where Pontius washed his hands of Jesus's fate, right before surrendering him to the Jewish authorities. The Gospel of John describes the place as a building located at the gate of the city, on a bumpy stone pavement, artistically called Lithostrotus. The palace found by Gibson is actually located next to the Jaffa gate and does have a bumpy pavement.

However, reading the Gospels, it seems more accurate to see a connection between this discovery and the Antonia Fortress, Pilate’s house, situated on the north side of the Temple, now the starting point of the pilgrimages for the Via Dolorosa. Gibson  does not agree: «Everything — archaeological, historical and gospel accounts — all falls into place and makes sense». Even Anglican pastor David Pileggi is convinced that the discovery inside the prison confirmed «what everyone expected all along, that the trial took place near the Tower of David». The two theses coexist still today, both supported by a good reasons.

...

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The disappointment, not reason, pushes us away from God

A recent series of studies, pubblished on the “Journal of Personality and Social Psychology”, has find out that the main the cause of atheism (or the religion faith's desertion) strong>is not based on rational justifications, as some people like to suggest, but mainly on an “anger against God”. It's an emotional atheism the one lived by millions of people, more on the mouth than in the heart.

At first sight it may seem paradoxical: how can people gets angry against God, if they don't believe in God? Indeed their belief, in the majority of cases, it's dictated by a negative feeling, by a loss of faith instead of a mature and rational awareness . The anger against God grows like consequence of unpleasant situations that happen in life or, in extreme cases, of natural cataclysm or diseases. Or from delusions perceived for missed hopes, a bit like Judah feeled towards Jesus, disappointed because the Reign of God was still to come. In other words, the anger against God can not only bring people far away from God, but also gives them a reason to clutch at their incredulity.

«When instead people understand that God take care of them and has positive intentions, also if they can't understand which are those intentions, people tend to dissipate this anger», asserted Julie Exline, a psychologist of the Case Western Reserve University. In fact the life of many nonbelievers and agnostics is often characterized...

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American Court: Chimpanzees may not be considered as human beings

ScimpanzéAscribing "fundamental human rights" to chimpanzees, just because we are some “advanced and civilized monkeys” has become one of the main arguments of the culture of human reductionism. Unfortunately, a wrong ideological approach to biological evolution and the extremisation of the fair and reasonable worries about the health of animals and about the ethical treatment of creation, has led some people to invoke “human rights” for non-human species.

Right from the beginning, this degeneration has been used by the antitheist propaganda: reducing man, denying his uniqueness and his huge difference from the rest of creation, one evidently reduces the importance of the human creature, so as to deny his divine origine. No wonder that these days Margherita Hack, Daniel Dennett, Peter Singer, Richard Dawkins and Umberto Veronesi (five well-known convinced atheists), have largely promoted the “animals rights” in modern times, an initiative started in the rationalist Enlightenment by David Hume, Voltaire, Jeremy Bentham, and then by Arthur Schopenhauer, Henry Stephens Salt etc. The previous Prime Minister of Spain, Luis Zapatero, has even suggested adopting these rights in the Spanish law code.

In these days, however, the New York Court of Appeals  ruled that Tommy, a 26-year-old chimpanzee kept by an upstate New York couple, cannot be considered a "person" and therefore does not need to be freed from the cage...

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The “scandalous” religious conversion of Jean-Paul Sartre

Jean Paul SartreJean  Paul Sartre was one of the last important atheist intellectuals; later (Bobbio and Cioran are exceptions) there were just shallow and quite superficial (often vulgar) personalities, such as Singer, Ayer, Onfray Scalfari and A.C.Grayling. Not even close to the depth of thought of the French philosopher.

Sartre has been maybe the one that most of all has tried to find the foundations of an atheist moral code (or whithout God). But it was not triumphant, glorious or proud, like his modern supporters are trying to convince people of (an example here in Italy is Umberto Veronesi). His atheism brought literally to the anguish/distress, to the insecurity, because –he said- the human reason is essentially theological, it means that it works as if the human horizon were a divine horizon.

“The atheism is the persuasion that the man is the creator, and that he’s abandoned, alone, on the world. The atheism is not a happy optimism, but, in his deepest sense, a desperationhe said in 1946 during his famous interview for the “Il Politecnico” of Elio Vittorini. “L’Être et le Néant” (1943) is the manifesto of his philosophical atheism, that in any case, he will officially write in “Cahiers pour une morale”, written 4 years after and that remains an act of faith: the decisive absence of faith is the abiding faith”.

Right in that period,...

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Faith & History (news archives)

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INDEX Church, Pius XII, Jewish, nazism and fascism| |Christian roots| |Crusaders||The Galileo case||Giordano Bruno||The Middle Ages, the dark ages?| |Inquisition||Colonialism||Church and Francoism| |Cristianity, motor behind civilisation| |Ipazia||Myths about Christianity||Other religions|

     

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CRUSADERS

Crusaders saved Europe from Islamic invasion (4/3/18) Major historians explain that the crusades and the intervent of Urban II were fortuitous.  

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THE MIDDLE AGES, THE DARK AGES?

Flat Earth? Ius primae noctis? Falsity against Middle Ages (3/11/14) >... Read more...
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Flat Earth? Jus primae noctis? Falsehoods against Middle Ages

Middle ages flat earthSlowly all the lies about the so-called "dark ages", or rather the Middle Ages, are collapsing thanks to the intellectual honesty of many historians. For istance regarding the "Medieval Inquisition", it has been proved that actually the phenomenon spread during the Renaissance and mainly in the Protestant environment; indeed historian Christopher Black has observed that the Roman Inquisition was definitely "less dark than one thinks", rather it was more humane and with few condemnations.

In these days historian Alessandro Barbero, full professor of Medieval History at the University of Eastern Piedmont, has once more demolished the legend about the "dark ages". He wrote on "La Stampa" and observed, by alluding to Orwell: «People are taught that in the ugly, remote past evil creatures existed who were called capitalists and who oppressed people with the most infamous demands. The method Orwell imagined, to create a sinister image of the past in order to exalt the present, has been really put in practice in Europe, from the Renaissance till the Nineteenth Century: the targeted victim, the Middle Ages....

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Feminism comes late: the Church has always defended the woman

Bergoglio donneWhy is Christianity full of noteworthy women, many of them martyrs for their faith, as Agnes, Thecla, Cecilia, Margaret, Blandina, Pulcheria, Eudoxia, Galla Placidia, Olympia, Melanie, Clotilde, Theodolinda, Berta Of Kent, Olga Of Kiev etc.?

Because, as explained by the great sociologist Rodney Stark, Christianity took to heart the esteem, the respect and the protection of women from its very beginning. In fact thanks to Christianity, women enjoyed a higher status than in the Greek-Roman world or than during the pagan world: Christians promoted marriage, fought polygamy, slavery and sexual exploitation, and forbade the practice of infanticide and abortion (which was often practiced against female newborns).

Many Fathers of the Church have spoken about respect toward women and of their equality to man, for example St. Augustine (354-430 AD). He underlined the equal dignity of man and woman, recalling the importance of loyalty, to which both men and women are called alike, remembering that the woman has the right to choose her husband by herself. In particular he reminded that "According to the Genesis it is human nature itself which was made in the image of God, and that nature is composed of both sexes and therefore does not exclude the woman, if we want to understand the image of God [ . ..]. The woman is, together with her husband, the image of God, in a way that the union of the couple forms a single image".

Another great saint very attentive to the dignity...

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